Permafrost’s photosynthetic microorganisms thrive in the Arctic

Permafrost is found across the Arctic and Antarctic – perennially frozen landscapes that can harbour microscopic life. Researchers Dr Tatiana Vishnivetskaya from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and Dr Elizaveta […]

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Novel insights into parasite dynamics for leishmaniasis treatment

Neglected tropical diseases such as leishmaniasis have a huge impact on global health but are under-researched and under-funded. Treatment and diagnostic techniques remain expensive and difficult to implement in remote […]

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Harnessing the health benefits of plants

Plant-derived medicines have been used by humans for thousands of years. Currently, there is much focus on phytocannabinoids, usually extracted from cannabis plants. However, these health-benefitting compounds can also be […]

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Cyclic self-reproducing systems: The key to health and happiness

Professor Leonid E Popov from the Tomsk State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, together with his collaborator and editor Professor Valentin L Popov from the Technische Universität Berlin, explores […]

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Integrative plant responses: How seagrasses adjust to light

The shallow coastal waters that house tropical seagrass meadows are often highly illuminated. In the Caribbean, the main habitat builder is the species Thalassia testudinum, characterised by a leaf physiology […]

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The missing link? Sudden infant death syndrome and the diaphragm

The cause of death in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown. Scientists know that risk factors include the prone sleeping position, prematurity, low birth weight, and non-lethal infections. SIDS […]

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Reducing treatment costs for thyroid cancer patients in Japan

Japan’s healthcare system disincentivises longer hospital stays to reduce costs, but also categorises certain complications as secondary diseases, which incur separate additional payments. The high rate of occurrence of these […]

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Improved formulations of nicotinamide riboside: A promising treatment for age-related disorders

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) is a co-enzyme involved in fundamental metabolic roles. Its levels decrease with aging, causing the development of age-related pathologies. NAD+ levels can be replenished by the […]

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How did bacterial glycogen branching enzymes evolve?

Glycogen is a sugar which plays important roles in carbon and energy storage in bacteria. Glycogen with a highly branched, compact structure offers a more durable energy source – a […]

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