Arts & Humanities

Gender, performance, and self-efficacy in STEM-related careers

The expansion in STEM-related industries has exposed a shortage of qualified labour, particularly females. Dr Matthew J. Liberatore, the John F. Connelly Endowed Chair in Management, and Dr William P. Wagner, Professor of Information Systems, both at Villanova University in Pennsylvania, USA, are investigating whether the gender gap observed in IT careers and STEM subjects extends to the gender and […]

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Arts & Humanities

Consciously calculating unconscious bias: The role of dichotomous valuation

Like with any choice, when faced with data selection, people are influenced by their own biases. A new research paper by econometric expert Dr Xingwei Hu of the International Monetary Fund evaluates how people subconsciously view different variables and the way this influences their decision-making. By assessing decisions through dichotomous valuation, Dr Hu is able to show the extent to […]

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Arts & Humanities

Energy futures: A new equilibrium model for resource extraction and investment decisions

Increasingly sophisticated technologies developed in the current century to extract natural resources from costlier fields have changed the current and expected futures prices of resources, with important consequences for energy self-sufficiency and economic growth stability. In a recent paper, Alexander David, Professor of Finance at the Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary in Canada, develops a new model that […]

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Arts & Humanities

The critical gap between management theory and technological reality:
Why many businesses are still failing to innovate effectively

Prof Hugo Tschirky is an academic at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and specialises in how companies innovate and embrace technology. In 2004, he initiated and co-authored a book called “Bringing technology and innovation into the boardroom” but many of the findings in this book have still yet to be fully embraced by executive boards. Worryingly, a critical gap […]

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Arts & Humanities

Listening to the city: Architecture as soundscape

Sound is an integral part of many people’s daily life, and the architectural spaces that surround us shape and impact the quality of urban sound. Street performers, such as buskers, contribute to the city soundscape, and while in the past they may have been treated as a nuisance, now they are more readily accepted as contributing to the vitality of […]

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Arts & Humanities

Why we need to reassess the sustainability of aging populations

Modern societies have largely been able to grow and develop due to fossil fuels and monetary systems. However, with more aging populations around the world, questions are starting to be asked about the sustainability of this paradigm. Professor Kozo Torasan Mayumi of the Kyoto College of Graduate Studies for Informatics in Japan reassesses the double-edged nature of fossil fuels and […]

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Arts & Humanities

Co-learning, translanguaging and English language acquisition

The US has the largest number of English-speakers in the world, but it is also multilingual: according to 2018 census data, 23% of children aged 5 to 17 speak another language at home. English language acquisition for those who speak English as a second language is therefore an important issue for educators. Mary Amanda Stewart and Holly Hansen-Thomas of Texas […]

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Arts & Humanities

The Neuropsychology of How Ritual Creates Religion

The research of Dr James Jones, clinical psychologist and Emeritus Professor of Religion at Rutgers University in the U.S., exists on the border of religion and science. He fuses neuropsychology with philosophy of mind to discover scientific explanations for religion. In his most recent publication, Dr Jones specifically explores how bodily behaviours, such as religious ritual, can affect a person’s […]

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Arts & Humanities

Trans-actional autopoiesis: A relational view of human language

Throughout history, and even now, our decisions and worldviews are continually sculpted as we share knowledge with each other by means of language. Dr Mónica Sánchez-Flores at Thompson Rivers University in British Columbia argues that the nature of these exchanges is ‘trans-actional’ in the Deweyan sense and rooted in ‘autopoiesis’. Her ideas present important new questions about how we conceive […]

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Arts & Humanities

Traversing the minefield: A professional humanitarian for a new world of risk

The inhumanity of war has always put the humanitarian in peril. But today aid workers stand in the crosshairs of armed adversaries with new tactics and targets for their violence, while competition between aid agencies creates even more insecurity on the ground. So, who should the humanitarian be? An altruistic do-gooder governed by feelings of empathy? Or a professional who […]

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