Informatics & Technology

Integer-dimensional fractals of nonlinear dynamics

Fractal dimension was developed as a quantitative measure of complex, irregular objects, essentially because it had been accepted that fractals could not be characterised by integer dimensions. Dr Zonglu He, a Professor of Economics at Kaetsu University, is challenging this basic concept with her novel finding that fractals actually can occur in integer dimensional space-times. Her research demonstrates the consistency of both fractional and […]

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Informatics & Technology

The materials making potassium-ion batteries possible

You are probably familiar with lithium-ion batteries that can be found everywhere from inside our mobile phones to electric cars. However, lithium’s larger brother potassium may soon find its way into the batteries that power our everyday lives. Dr Titus Masese at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology in Osaka, Japan, has been developing new materials for electrodes to help […]

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Informatics & Technology

Developing the Geneva Solar Cadaster: A decision support tool for sustainable energy management in urban areas

Gilles Desthieux, Associate Professor at the Geneva Institute of Landscape, Engineering and Architecture and a Consultant in Urban Energy Planning with Amstein+Walthert Geneva, leads a team of researchers who have developed the Geneva Solar Cadaster, a tool for modelling solar radiation and energy production from building rooftops and facades. Recent urban studies have shown that our cities play a significant role in […]

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Informatics & Technology

Assessing performances of Computer-Aided Diagnosis of breast cancer

In under two decades, the techniques used to image, classify and diagnose breast cancer have significantly improved with the help of rapidly advancing computer-based digital image processing and machine learning technologies. Since the early days of developing Computer-Aided Diagnosis technology in the 1990s, Professor Bin Zheng at the University of Pittsburgh and then the University of Oklahoma has dedicated his […]

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Informatics & Technology

Creating a better oscillator: Dissipative solitons and travelling-wave field‑effect transistors

The key to improving the performance of high-speed electronic circuits is the generation of short electrical pulses with reduced phase noise. Dr Koichi Narahara of the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at Kanagawa Institute of Technology studies electric pulses generated by travelling-wave field-effect transistors. He found that the devices possess unique properties that could provide increased operating frequencies and decreased phase […]

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Informatics & Technology

Using technology to improve needle procedures

Dr Gabor Fichtinger is Chair of Cancer Care Ontario Research and Professor at Queen’s University School of Computing in Kingston, Ontario. His interests are in computer-assisted surgery and interventions. Dr Jan Fritz is the Director of Interventional MR Imaging and an Assistant Professor of Radiology and Radiological Science at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. The two have […]

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Informatics & Technology

Making the Internet a safer place

Back in May 2017, a huge cyberattack crippled several of the largest digital networks in the UK and US, paralysing over two hundred thousand computers. To combat such threats Dimitrios Pezaros, Senior Lecturer at the University of Glasgow, and David Hutchison, Distinguished Professor of Computing at Lancaster University, launched SAI2 (A Situation-Aware Information Infrastructure), a research project aimed at developing […]

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Informatics & Technology

Building artificial intelligence for social good

Artificial intelligence is one of the most disruptive technologies nowadays and as such is considered both an opportunity and a threat to society. On the one hand, it could make us vulnerable as we trust machines to make more and more decisions that so far have been reserved for humans. On the other hand, it has the potential to revolutionise […]

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Informatics & Technology

Taking inspiration from nature for a new generation of quiet aerofoils

Constant exposure to noise is an increasing problem in developed countries, with impacts not only on industry but also our health. Key culprits often accused of creating noise include airports and wind farms. Professor Phil Joseph from University of Southampton is heading up a team of scientists focused on reducing noise pollution through the development of new aerofoil design. The […]

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Informatics & Technology

Evading the rise of ransomware

Ransomware, malicious software that takes users’ files “hostage” and demands payment from users to get back their files, has become a popular income stream for cybercriminals. While not all ransomware attacks are effective money earners, they often cause immense disruption for key services such as the healthcare industry. In the case of ransomware, prevention is often better than cure, and […]

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