Informatics & Technology

Integer-dimensional fractals of nonlinear dynamics

Fractal dimension was developed as a quantitative measure of complex, irregular objects, essentially because it had been accepted that fractals could not be characterised by integer dimensions. Dr Zonglu He, a Professor of Economics at Kaetsu University, is challenging this basic concept with her novel finding that fractals actually can occur in integer dimensional space-times. Her research demonstrates the consistency of both fractional and […]

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Health & Medicine

Drosophila Fezf found to be essential in neural circuit formation

Billions of neurons are wired up to into highly organised neural circuits in the brain. The creation of these circuits is a complex process and it is essential that neurons find the correct partners. Matt Pecot and colleagues from Harvard Medical School are interested in understanding this neural circuit formation. In their studies, by using Drosophila, they have identified the […]

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Biology

Advances in CNS drug development

The global prevalence of diseases affecting the central nervous system (CNS) demands the development of efficacious therapies for these unmet needs. However, drug development for CNS diseases is complicated by a limited ability to measure whether a drug candidate is accessing and affecting the human brain, particularly in early-stage human trials. Research by Dr Eugenii (Ilan) Rabiner and his colleagues: Dr […]

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Health & Medicine

ADHD and its comorbidities: Implications for management

Dr Wen-Harn Pan, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, is interested in the relationship between nutrition and health. One of her most recent projects, published last year, investigated the link between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and whether risk factors such as allergy and anaemia could be modified to improve the ways in which attention deficit hyperactivity is both identified and […]

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Biology

Are wildfires following bark beetles more severe?

Bark beetles are responsible for large numbers of dead trees in ponderosa pine forests in the United States. The relationship between tree mortality caused by bark beetles and increasingly severe wildfires has been analysed by Carolyn Sieg and colleagues using a detailed physics-based fire behaviour model. The team seeks to understand if fires that follow beetles are more severe, that […]

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Biology

Predicting protein function and annotating complex pathways with machine learning

Dr Daisuke Kihara’s team at Purdue University have created novel computational approaches for predicting protein functions. Instead of following a one-protein-one-function approach, their algorithms can predict the functional relationships of entire groups of proteins related to a specific biological process. The team has also expanded into mining oversighted or previously unknown proteins that have multiple, independent functions. The team’s methods […]

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Biology

Secrets of the stalk: Regulating plant temperature from the inside out

Have you ever questioned the reasoning behind hollow stems in some plants? When we think about it there are a surprising number of plants with this feature. A common misconception would be to believe it is solely for nutrient or water transport. In fact, the reality has much more to do with temperature regulation. Dr Peter Kevan from the University of Guelph […]

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Health & Medicine

Exciting advancements in ovarian cancer treatment

Ovarian cancer is treacherous and challenging to treat. With standard treatment unchanged since the 1990s and newer costly treatments failing to restrain the tumour’s growth over long periods of time, an overhaul in anti-cancer treatment is urgently needed. With fresh insights into the biology and progression of ovarian cancer, Lev Ashraphyan, Vsevolod Kiselev from Institute of Gynecologic Oncology and Mammology […]

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Earth & Environment

Drilling for knowledge: A collaborative approach to ocean drilling in the Arctic

The Arctic contains important records of tectonic and geological oceanic history, yet is a vastly under-sampled area. However, a better knowledge of the past climate and tectonic history of this region is crucial to understanding contemporary climate change and modern geological hazards. This is what makes the research of Dr Lindsay Worthington at the University of New Mexico and fellow […]

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Health & Medicine

Fluorescent imaging sheds new light on apoptosis

Researchers at the Avera Cancer Institute are using state-of-the-art fluorescent imaging to shed new light on the physical and biochemical processes behind apoptosis – also known as ‘programmed cell death’. The novel, cost-effective and user-friendly method uses three fluorescent stains, enabling the real-time, structure-function based identification of apoptosis in live, apoptotic tumour cells. This unique protocol developed by Dr Nandini […]

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