Physical Sciences

New photosensitisers for photodynamic therapy

Light plays an important role in the fight against cancer. Phototherapies, that work by shining light at the cancerous tumours, are effective treatments for some malignant cancers. However, for photodynamic therapy to destroy only cancerous cells, photosensitisers have to be used before surgery, so the light is mostly absorbed by the tumour, not the healthy tissue. Professor Hideya Yuasa at the Tokyo Institute of Technology has […]

Read More…

Education & Training

Oral rehearsal: Teaching English as a foreign language in Japan

Teaching second languages is big business, and the biggest second language of all is English. Language teaching methods have come a long way in the last century, and in Japan Associate Professor Mutsuko Nagasaki (English Education Centre, Ehime University) has been looking into how ‘oral rehearsal’ at home might supplement classroom learning and improve second language communication and ability in […]

Read More…

Health & Medicine

Whole-body MRI more efficient than multiple scans at assessing spread of cancer

For most patients, a cancer diagnosis means some tough times ahead. Standard assessments to determine the best treatment can be time-consuming, adding to the patient’s stress and anxiety. Professor Stuart Taylor, based at the University College London Hospital, wants to see a more widespread use of whole-body MRI scans in cancer patients. He proposes this as a faster and cheaper […]

Read More…

Health & Medicine

Crisis management techniques transform adolescent behaviour

Adolescence is a transitional period following childhood, during which we begin to comprehend what it means to be an adult. Heartbreakingly, children growing up in highly stressful, violent and abusive circumstances can be left behind at this stage. They often develop coping strategies that do not prepare them well for adolescence and which can lead to three serious crises: suicide, aggression […]

Read More…

Health & Medicine

Core outcome set for infant gastroesophageal reflux disease

The research of Dr Merit Tabbers, Amsterdam UMC, The Netherlands, focuses on functional gastrointestinal disorders, home parenteral nutrition and evidence-based clinical guideline development. In particular, she has been involved in the analysis and development of consensus definitions, research recommendations and specified outcome measures to guide clinical trials, thus improving quality of care for infant gastroesophageal reflux disease. Gastroesophageal reflux is […]

Read More…

Thought Leaders

I’m a scientist, Get Me Out of Here

It’s a format that’s been a worldwide sensation – so why not apply the principles of I’m a Celebrity… Get Me Out of Here! to research scientists and help children build more ‘science capital’? I’m a Scientist, Get Me Out of Here, developed by Shane McCracken, connects scientists directly with schools to help young people engage with STEM subjects and […]

Read More…

Education & Training

Going global: How a Japanese University is revolutionising English-language learning

As the process of globalisation continues to interconnect the Earth’s people, the ability to communicate effectively has become integral to the development of partnerships and relationships all over the world. Toward such means and ends, the teaching of English – as the defacto lingua franca – has become paramount. In Japan, Hiroshima University (HU) is at the forefront of global education […]

Read More…

Education & Training

Culturally-relevant chemistry for American Indian students

American Indian students in the USA are under-represented in all science and engineering fields by up to a half. To find ways to bring cultural relevance to American Indian students, Professor Mark Griep and his colleagues Beverly R. DeVore-Wedding, Janyce Woodard and Hank Miller are indigenizing chemistry courses at two tribal colleges in Nebraska. By focusing on laboratory experiences, their […]

Read More…

Informatics & Technology

An integrated toolkit for high-dimensional complex and time series data analysis

Big data can be too large and complex for traditional methods and conventional software packages to deal with. Dr Fang Han, Assistant Professor in Statistics at the University of Washington, Seattle, is meeting this challenge head on. He is creating an integrated statistical toolkit comprising robust statistical procedures, including distribution-free inference and rank-based methods, which can be applied to high-dimensional […]

Read More…

Biology

How a minority can swiftly shape collective actions

Understanding how groups of animals react to sudden threats has eluded researchers for many years and previous models failed to provide a mechanism for how social information can disseminate quickly through the ranks. For the past ten years, Dr Bertrand Lemasson, based at the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center in Oregon, USA, has studied how and when an individual’s actions within […]

Read More…