Engineering & Technology

RADON: Expanding the use of serverless computing technologies

The RADON (Rational decomposition and orchestration for serverless computing) project is coordinated by Dr Giuliano Casale, with researchers from Imperial College London, Tilburg University, University of Stuttgart, and University of Tartu, as well as the Athens Technology Center, Engineering Ingegneria Informatica, XLAB, and Eficode. The consortium has developed a software engineering framework that addresses the challenge of developing cloud applications […]

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Engineering & Technology

New superalloy design for 3D-printing set to transform manufacturing

Engineers at Alloyed, Professor Roger Reed, Dr Roger Reed and colleagues at the University of Oxford, have developed new robust superalloys that can be used in additive manufacturing – otherwise known as 3D printing. Their 3D printed superalloy objects can be as strong as those made using standard techniques, a breakthrough that could transform the efficiency of some of our […]

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Engineering & Technology

Closing the loop: Upcycling plastic waste for carbon capture

Two of the most important environmental concerns of our times are CO2 emissions and plastic pollution. Dr Xiangzhou Yuan, Research Professor at the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering at Korea University (Seoul), and Dr Shuai Deng, Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the School of Tianjin University (China), propose an approach that uses one problem to solve the other. […]

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Engineering & Technology

Towards in-line detection of thermal polymer degradation

Polymers are an indispensable part of modern society, found in almost every product we use, including machine and engine components. But polymers degrade, and they need close monitoring to make sure this doesn’t cause structural materials or devices to fail. We already have many ways to assess polymer degradation in the lab, but monitoring polymers while they’re in use is […]

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Engineering & Technology

Nonoverlap proportion and the point-biserial association problem

Dr Stanley Luck, a statistics consultant and founding member of Vector Analytics LLC, has developed a novel algorithm for cloud computing technology. Dr Luck demonstrates the use of his improved CART association algorithm in a high-dimensional search problem of nursing home performance, based on the publicly accessible Nursing Home Compare (NHC) database. The results highlight the importance of constructing a […]

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Engineering & Technology

Fixing the interface for enhanced perovskite solar cell performance

With millions of people in the world still having no access to electricity, it is easy to predict that the world’s already challenging energy demands will only increase. Solar power has long presented itself as a promising renewable energy source, but the solar cells used in photovoltaics still suffer from relatively low efficiency, even when novel materials such as perovskites […]

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Engineering & Technology

Superellipses to Superformula: The impact of Gielis Transformations

Devised to describe botanical shapes by Dr Johan Gielis, visiting Professor at the University of Antwerp, the Superformula has found applications across many areas of mathematics, science and technology. Dr Gielis’ single equation, which provides a unified description of abstract, natural and man-made shapes, from triangles to spirals, has now been tested on more than 50,000 specimens, and his original […]

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Engineering & Technology

Advanced chemiresistive materials for wireless sensor networks

When exposed to gases and vapours of certain chemicals in their surrounding environments, chemiresistive materials can change their electrical resistance, which makes them incredibly useful as sensors for air pollution. Through her work, Dr Esther Hontañón, a researcher at the Spanish Council of Research (CSIC) in Madrid, explores how the latest advances in materials science and 3D printing technology can […]

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Engineering & Technology

Pioneering materials informatics: Clean technologies from molecular design

Tackling global challenges in sustainable energy production calls for the rational design of new generations of clean materials, coupling efficiency with low environmental impact. Materials discovery offers a powerful means to predict structure-property relationships in novel materials, but often lacks the ability to account for the complex interplay of length- and timescales that ultimately determine the potential of a material […]

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Engineering & Technology

SUSSOL – Using AI for the selection and substitution of greener solvent

Solvents can be toxic, volatile, highly flammable, non-biodegradable and non-renewable. Searching for a suitable green alternative for a nonbenign solvent can be an onerous task. Hannes Sels, Herwig De Smet and Dr Jeroen Geuens from Karel de Grote University of Applied Sciences and Arts, in close collaboration with their industrial partners, have developed a user-friendly software tool based on an […]

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