Health & Medicine

A paradigm shift for fluid management in surgery

Advances in modern surgery have been dependent upon advances in anaesthetic management. However, anaesthesia can have detrimental effects, as it is usually associated with reduced blood pressure, cardiac output and oxygen delivery. To counteract these changes, large quantities of intravenous fluids have been administered both during and often for many hours post-surgery. This was in an attempt to maintain blood […]

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Health & Medicine

COVID-19 and its variants:
How N95 (hi-fi) masks can protect us

One of the defining issues of the COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to prevent its spread is inter-household transmission. Among the many policies and guidelines implemented, masks have been one of the most important and are now required wearing in the public spaces of many countries. But what if the masks we currently wear aren’t good enough? Researcher Devabhaktuni Srikrishna models […]

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Health & Medicine

Photobiomodulation therapy and its effects on muscle damage recovery

Dr Jamie Ghigiarelli from Hofstra University investigated the effects of whole-body photobiomodulation (red light) therapy (PBMT) administered before and after high-intensity training on 12 male participants. There lacks evidence on the effects of PBMT on larger muscle groups, as handheld devices to treat localised muscle tissues is the conventional method of instrumentation. This study showed no statistical significance but notably […]

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Health & Medicine

Management of weight gain in tube-fed children with neurodisabilities

Due to reduced levels of physical activity in children with cerebral palsy or other neurodisabilities, there is a risk of tube-fed individuals becoming overweight or obese if their feed contains an excess of calories. Nestlé Health Science provide a nutritionally complete, lower energy formula, Peptamen® Junior 0.6, that can be used to overcome this problem. Peptamen® Junior 0.6 is a […]

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Health & Medicine

The CEASE approach: A framework to tackle COVID-19 and other microbial threats

While the COVID-19 virus continues to spread in many countries worldwide, some researchers are investigating the implications of regularly using antimicrobial products and antibiotics, which could contribute to a concerning phenomenon known as antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Dr Teddie Rahube at Botswana International University of Science and Technology has recently developed CEASE, an approach that addresses some of the challenges associated […]

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Health & Medicine

Tracking how SARS-CoV-2 mutates around the world during COVID-19 pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing global health crisis caused by the SARS-CoV-2 strain of coronavirus. The SARS-CoV-2 virus mutates as it spreads, and monitoring these mutations and their distribution could provide information relevant for the treatment and control of the disease. Santiago Justo Arévalo (Ricardo Palma University, Peru) and his colleagues have analysed the progress of several mutations across […]

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Health & Medicine

Probing Cancer: Immunotherapy and Molecular Imaging

The Singapore-based Cancer ImmunoTherapy Imaging (CITI) programme is a Singapore-wide collaborative research group, comprising 12 research institutes. CITI’s efforts are focused on the discovery and application of peptide-based imaging probes, which target immunotherapy treatment response biomarkers. Dr Edward G Robins, Head of Radiochemistry at the Singapore Bioimaging Consortium and Deputy Director of the NUS Clinical Imaging Research Centre, alongside his […]

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Health & Medicine

Viral encephalitis and virus-mediated memory disorders

Viral encephalitis is a debilitating consequence of viral infections: invasion of the brain by viruses causes an inflammation that, even months or years after recovery from the viral infection, can impair cognitive functions such as learning and memory. Prof Robyn S. Klein from Washington University School of Medicine has developed novel animal models and approaches to study virus-mediated memory disorders, […]

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Health & Medicine

Metadichol® a novel nano lipid formulation

Many drugs target individual actions of a specific virus or bacteria. However, development and application of a broad-spectrum compound which targets the whole immune response would allow one therapy to have a global application for human disease. Dr P. R. Raghavan, CEO of Nanorx Inc, has invented one such dietary supplement, Metadichol®, which is thought to act via vitamin D […]

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