Health & Medicine

The financial toxicity of multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurologic autoimmune disease that is generally diagnosed in young adults. It is a lifelong condition, as it is currently incurable. The medical costs are high, as patients have to cover frequent hospital visits and prescription medications, such as emerging disease modifying drugs. As a result, many patients do not adhere to treatment plans, which further […]

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Health & Medicine

The benefits of exercise programmes for pre-school children with autism spectrum disorders

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) see the world differently and can find it hard to interact with both their environment and other people. Sport has many benefits for mental and physical health, and therefore Kelong Cai, of Yangzhou University, hypothesised that sport may offer a novel therapy for pre-school children with ASD. He implemented a 12-week mini-basketball programme for […]

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Health & Medicine

Reducing treatment costs for thyroid cancer patients in Japan

Japan’s healthcare system disincentivises longer hospital stays to reduce costs, but also categorises certain complications as secondary diseases, which incur separate additional payments. The high rate of occurrence of these complications makes these costs unavoidable. Hiroki Konno, Associate Professor at the College of Sports Sciences at Nihon University, Japan, studied the implications of this for four prognostic factors affecting thyroid […]

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Health & Medicine

New possibilities: Same-day surgery for trochlear dysplasia

Trochleoplasty is an open procedure performed on patients with patellar instability and/or chronic anterior knee pain, in patient having a flat groove (trochlear dysplasia). Though this is a widespread treatment for recurrent patella instability, open trochleoplasty is a highly invasive procedure and leads to an increased risk of infection, scar tissue, and pain. Dr Lars Blønd of The Zealand University […]

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Health & Medicine

Using Artificial Intelligence to improve prediction and prevention of violence

Drs Gary Chaimowitz and Mini Mamak of McMaster University and St. Joseph’s Healthcare, Hamilton, Canada have developed the Electronic Hamilton Anatomy of Risk Management (eHARM) platform. It is an innovative risk assessment and management tool for violence and aggression which can be used in a variety of mental health areas, including but not limited to forensic psychiatry. The validity of […]

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Health & Medicine

Improved formulations of nicotinamide riboside: A promising treatment for age-related disorders

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) is a co-enzyme involved in fundamental metabolic roles. Its levels decrease with aging, causing the development of age-related pathologies. NAD+ levels can be replenished by the intake of nicotinamide riboside (NR), a vitamin B3 analogue, which is naturally converted to NAD+. Regular use of NR supplementation is associated with improved outcomes in several cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, and […]

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Health & Medicine

Aerosolised medicines may reduce the high risk of coronavirus infection

Rapid development of vaccines and other preventative measures has been vital in the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Dr Michael Dubina, full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, explores a novel method to reduce coronavirus infection risk. His pilot study explored the effects of an aerosolised combination medication in healthcare workers who had not previously been infected with the […]

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Health & Medicine

Understanding SARS-CoV-2: A closer look into its genome

A team of BARJ scientists from the Bangladesh Jute Research Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh have conducted significant research on SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for causing COVID-19. In a recent research project, BARJ researchers collected samples from positive coronavirus patients and conducted a comparative study to analyse differential host responses in various SARS-CoV-2 infection systems. In another project, the research team predicted […]

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Health & Medicine

Lateral flow test detects SARS-CoV-2 neutralising antibodies

Novodiax Inc., under the guidance of Dr Jianfu Wang, has produced a novel lateral flow device called CoNAb. The device detects neutralising antibodies (NAbs) against SARS-CoV-2 (the virus responsible for COVID-19). Measuring NAbs is important to help us determine whether vaccination programmes are effective by measuring the level of immunity of vaccine recipients. They are also a vital tool for […]

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Health & Medicine

Asbestos and bile duct cancer

Professor Giovanni Brandi and Dr Simona Tavolari, from the University of Bologna, study the association between asbestos exposure and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Case-control analyses in Italy and four Nordic countries found strong associations between occupational exposure to asbestos and ICC. Therefore, asbestos is suggested as a risk factor for ICC development. This could be due to asbestos fibres becoming trapped […]

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