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Systemic lupus erythematosus in native sub-Saharan Africans: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Background: The prevalence and phenotype of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have not been thoroughly investigated in Native sub-Saharan Africans despite knowledge that the highest burden of SLE occurs in people of African descent. Through this systematic review of literature and meta-analysis, we wished to fill this gap. Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, African Journals Online, and Global Index Medicus, […]

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Bacterial detection: A self-powered biosensing system driven by triboelectric nanogenerator

Preparation of the self-powered biosensing system driven by a triboelectric nanogenerator The self-powered biosensing system constitutes three parts: the biosensing system, the triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG), and the warning programme. Firstly, the biosensing system comprises the vancomycin modified indium tin oxide glass (ITO-Van), and guanidine functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNT-Arg). The ITO glass has an etched conductive layer area, which is […]

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‘How well the child has fared in the infant home’

The notion that babies and toddlers need sensitive care is accepted as common sense today, being espoused in not only parenting guidebooks, but also in the works of US bestselling author Harvey Karp, Dutch therapist Jesper Juul and Swiss paediatrician Remo Largo. Even authors who warn against ‘spoiling’ children do not extend their demands for discipline to the first months […]

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Linking maths to the real-world

Introduction In high school and at pre-university levels, most maths lessons focus on the abstract, which can turn learners off and lead them to believe that  mathematics is not relevant to their daily lives. Since the beginning of the 21st century, educational administrators and teachers have been focusing on how mathematics can be applied in the real-world. According to Vassiliou […]

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Perspectives of the information technology industry in Armenia

Industry in Armenia Armenia is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region that shares borders with Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey and Iran. The country covers an area of 29,800 square kilometres. Three million Armenians live in the country and three times this number make the Armenian Diaspora, with major populations living in the USA, France and Russia. The Armenian economy […]

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The main Himalayan thrust and geometrical parameters

The near-surface expression of the Main Himalayan Thrust (MHT) is called the Main Frontal Thrust (MFT) (Gansser, 1983; Lavé and Avouac, 2001). There are another two major boundaries which are known as the Main Boundary Thrust (MBT) and the Main Central Thrust (MCT); they are also situated in the Himalayas. The MCT has been folded by the younger structure of […]

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Medical Grade Honey (L-Mesitran) improves the healing of severe wounds in pediatrics

Background Children are susceptible to injuries and wounds that require medical attention. Despite being treated in a controlled hospital setting, wounds are at risk of infections. Therefore, there is an urgent need to improve wound healing protocols that prevent infections and avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics. Honey is a natural substance that has been used for wound healing since ancient […]

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Peptide vaccine: An alternate approach to fight against COVID-19

A possible solution One such alternative is the peptide vaccine. Due to the availability of enormous data regarding the virus across different databases, computer-assisted peptide vaccine design is a feasible way of creating vaccines at a much quicker rate. So far, there are various ‘alignment’ methods to design such peptide vaccines but, here, the discussion focuses on an ‘alignment-free’ and […]

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Understanding ethics in society via artificial intelligence and game theory

The importance of ethical conduct has been long known, and continues to be a pressing concern not only for society in general, but also in business, and in the applications of artificial intelligence (AI).  However, while AI is among the foremost of contemporary fields where ethics is a concern, AI has not itself previously served the purpose of clarifying the […]

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