Behavioural Sciences

White identity in the Caribbean

What does it mean to be white in a black majority population? That’s the question addressed in ongoing research into racial identity and ethnicity by Michiru Ito from Japan’s Otsuma Women’s University. Focusing on ‘whiteness’ in the Caribbean islands of Barbados and Trinidad, Ms Ito’s work reveals substantial differences between the two islands in how people who identify as white […]

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Behavioural Sciences

Agent-based modelling of immigration impact

Policy makers depend on immigration policies and quotas, derived from models of the impacts of immigration to design policies that meet the needs of an entire society. Marcello Marini, Dr Ndaona Chokani and Professor Reza S. Abhari from the Laboratory for Energy Conversion (LEC) Group, at ETH Zürich, have developed an artificial intelligence model that significantly reduces simulation times allowing […]

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Behavioural Sciences

De-mythologizing and re-branding the traditional drink kava

What do you call journalism, or more importantly research, that is supported by repetitive misinformation, resulting in an accepted but incorrect, narrative? This is the case with the kava plant, named Piper methysticum or ‘intoxicating pepper’ by a naturalist who accompanied Captain James Cook on his voyage to the Pacific some 250 years ago. That name, which inferred that kava […]

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Behavioural Sciences

The effect of diversity beliefs on friendship formation

For most of us, friendships are an essential part of our lives, and forming them usually comes naturally; we don’t even think about it. In fact, research shows that complex social constructs are at play and influence the choices we make about who we form friendships with. Diverse friendships, for example where people differ in race or religious background, have […]

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Behavioural Sciences

The Bristol School of Multiculturalism

It’s an exciting moment when like-minds come together and produce insights that create a new paradigm in their subject discipline. A leading academic in Australia believes that moment of synergy has come for a group of political theorists and sociologists associated with the University of Bristol in the UK. So significant is their non-liberal approach to multiculturalism, Geoffrey Brahm Levey, […]

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Behavioural Sciences

Longevity adjustment of retirement age

The rise in longevity is exerting pressure on public finances with increases in pension and elderly care expenses. Svend E. Hougaard Jensen, Professor of Economics at the Copenhagen Business School, discusses regulating the pension age in line with the average increasing life expectancy. His research also highlights the significance of extending these models to encompass the variability associated with physical […]

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Behavioural Sciences

9 billion regressions: A multiverse approach to statistical analysis

Researchers never fully know if the statistical method that they choose provides the best possible model for their data. Their choice of how to analyse the data also influences the results. Dr Cristobal Young, Associate Professor of Sociology at Cornell University is using multiverse analysis to offer a rigorous and transparent framework to tackle the intrinsic issues of model uncertainty. Model uncertainty […]

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Behavioural Sciences

Moral and ethical realism and unbounded organization

Howard Richards, in his recently published article in the Journal of Critical Realism Moral (and Ethical) Realism, offers practical ethics for our times, embedded in findings of the natural sciences. A companion volume written with Dr Gavin Andersson, Unbounded Organizing in Community is a step-by-step guide to realist practice. In other works he develops the fateful consequences of two ‘Staggering Facts.’ […]

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Behavioural Sciences

Double-suicide in modern Japan: An ageing society’s crisis

Suicide, double-suicide, and homicide-suicide are a significant public health concern in Japan. In particular, double-suicide, which was relatively common among lovers immediately after the Second World War, has re-emerged in Japan among the elderly and their overburdened carers. Professor Fumiko Satoh and colleagues from the Kitasato University School of Medicine have examined prevalence rates and proposed likely reasons for double-suicide […]

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Behavioural Sciences

In search of the perfect leader: Selecting the next CEO

On most days of the week, the business news will carry a story of at least one Fortune 500 CEO leaving their role; some for the next big role in a gilded career, others less willingly leaving behind the pay and the perks, and thinking about how to make the most of a less than stellar track record. For the […]

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