Genetically modified cotton: How has it changed India?

The aim of introducing Bt cotton to India was to reduce the amount of insecticide needed in farming cotton.

Nearly two decades ago, a genetically modified type of cotton, known as Bt cotton, was introduced to India to reduce farmers’ insecticide use. Today, researchers want to understand the effects that the introduction of this new cotton crop has had on Indian farmers. Using advanced statistical methods, Professor Ian Plewis from the University of Manchester investigates the effect of Bt cotton on […]

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Converting to terahertz communications

Converting to terahertz communications

The amount of data we generate globally is now accelerating at a breakneck pace. As this transformation occurs, exchanges of terahertz signals could become a crucial aspect of future communication systems, yet without a way to efficiently convert these waves to and from optical signals, such a prospect has remained unfeasible so far. In his research, Professor Cyril Renaud at […]

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Talking about dying: How doctors and patients talk about life expectancy

Talking about dying How doctors and patients talk about life expectancy

When patients have life-limiting conditions, doctors need to talk with them about dying. These conversations can be difficult for doctors, patients, and patients’ family members. Professor Ruth Parry and Dr Marco Pino, from Loughborough University, analyse recordings of conversations during which patients request life expectancy estimates. They then use the findings from this research to develop training resources that can […]

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The Wales Adoption Cohort Study: Childhood Risk and Resilience

Prof Shelton and Dr Paine’s research examines the mental health of adopted children.

Professor Katherine Shelton and Dr Amy Paine from the School of Psychology at Cardiff University have been conducting research examining the mental health of adopted children in Wales. This research tracks the children across a four-year period and assesses emotional, behavioural, and cognitive factors at different points in time. It also examines how parenting impacts adopted children’s mental health problems. […]

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Digital Science: A more collaborative approach to research

Digital Science provides tools for a more collaborative research process.

Digital Science is a company that looks to improve old research practices with new tools and technologies. CEO Daniel Hook believes that investing in, supporting and promoting businesses and innovations that make the research process more open and efficient is the key to enabling researchers to make a real difference. Is it possible that in the future we might see […]

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Accents of the Caribbean: How vowel pronunciations pivot, shift and merge

The team researches vowel mergers and shifts in the spoken English amongst the different communities of the island of Bequia.

Prof James Walker of the Department of Languages and Linguistics at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia, is a sociolinguistic expert who has conducted extensive research on the English language in various parts of the world, including North America and the Caribbean. Together with Prof Miriam Meyerhoff at the University of Oxford, UK, their research focuses on different vowel pronunciations […]

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Is wood ash a silent killer in sub-Saharan Africa?

Is wood ash a silent killer in sub-Saharan Africa?

Traditional cookstoves fuelled by locally sourced wood are found in homes across sub-Saharan Africa. Some 70% of the population use traditional cookstoves to burn wood, and as a result produce 19 megatonnes of ash every year across the region. The ash is generally dumped nearby or scattered on farmland, but what exactly is in the ash? Quantifying the amounts of heavy […]

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Genuinely theoretical: The case for Philosophical Biology

Dr Ehsani belives a theoretical foundation for cell biology may translate into tangible advances in treating various conditions.

Though his background is in biomedicine, Dr Sepehr Ehsani is currently completing his PhD in philosophy at University College London. In his time working in the lab, Dr Ehsani became more aware of the often-neglected importance of theory. What is sometimes called theoretical biology is not usually ‘theory’ for the most part, in the sense that it is not truly […]

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NHS quality improvement could be driven by less formal regulation

Health & Medicine NHS quality improvement could be driven by less formal regulation

In 2019 NHS Improvement and NHS England merged, becoming one major organisation responsible for regulating and improving the NHS system in England. But how best to do this, and improve quality of care and patient safety without increasing costs, is under debate. A comprehensive evaluation of a five year partnership between the English NHS and Virginia Mason Institute in the […]

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Fermentation: Enhancing favourable health properties of cod liver oils

Fermentation Enhancing favourable health properties of cod liver oils

There are three competing ways to get cod liver oil from cod: you can heat the cod liver, you can extract it using chemical refining, or you can ferment it. Most commercial cod liver oils are extracted using one of the first two, but manufacturers of fermented cod liver oils claim that their product contains more antioxidants, meaning the fatty […]

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