Health & Medicine

Unveiling the neurobiological processes behind cognitive control

The biological underpinnings of human mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge, processing information and understanding experiences, have been substantially investigated throughout the years. Prof Christian Beste, working at University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, in Dresden, Germany, has carried out extensive research to try and understand the neural underpinnings of human goal-directed behaviour. His studies are based both on clinical and […]

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Health & Medicine

Dual origins of tissue macrophages

Macrophages – large white blood cells that play a role in tissue homeostasis and immunity – have long been thought to derive solely from monocyte cells in the circulating blood. Accumulating evidence now shows that a large proportion of the macrophage populations ‘resident’ within tissues is in fact derived during embryonic development, independent of monocytes. Professor Christian Schulz from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat, […]

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Health & Medicine

The dangers of sleep disordered breathing in pregnancy

Professor Ghada Bourjeily and her team from Brown University are focusing their research efforts on understanding the manifestation of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in pregnancy and the consequent impact on maternal and foetal health. We spend one third of our life sleeping. As we rest, damaged tissues are repaired and cognitive function and energy levels are restored in preparation for […]

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Health & Medicine

New hope for muscular dystrophy treatment

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a family of genetic diseases which cause muscular weakness. Their severity varies but all are progressive and many are ultimately terminal. Until now, therapy options have been purely palliative, treating only the symptoms of MD. Dr Ahlke Heydemann of the University of Illinois at Chicago is developing new and more effective treatments. Her current work focuses […]

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Health & Medicine

A career in cancer

Dr Bruce Zetter is the Charles Nowiszewski Professor of Cancer Biology at Harvard Medical School. He is known internationally as an expert on cancer biology, diagnosis and treatment. He currently works to find treatments for highly aggressive, metastatic cancers and also serves as an advocate for young scientists and for improved relationships between academia and industry. Dr Bruce Zetter started […]

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Health & Medicine

Helping patients put their best foot forward

Dr Gillian Hawker of the University of Toronto is helping potential knee replacement patients to make informed decisions about their health. As an increasing number of us require joint replacement, Dr Hawker seeks to make sure that only those who are best suited will undergo surgery. By developing standardised patient assessment criteria for knee surgery, Dr Hawker is striving to […]

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Health & Medicine

Virtual navigation exposes the reality of Alzheimer’s disease onset

Prof Zahra Moussavi from the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Manitoba in Canada has developed a novel method of assessing patients for Alzheimer’s disease. Using a virtual reality environment to measure spatial awareness, she has shown key differences between control and patient groups, leading to pilot studies for effective early treatment. Prof Zahra Moussavi became interested in early […]

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Health & Medicine

Swimming against the stream: modern-day challenges to male reproductive health

The effects of a mother’s age, health and habits upon her offspring are well documented. However, far less attention has been paid to fathers. Dr Bernard Robaire, Professor at McGill University, Montréal, Canada, believes male reproductive health may be just as important for future generations as that of females, with a father’s age, health and exposure to chemicals all having […]

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Health & Medicine

Fluoxetine (Prozac) use in children: working towards a customised approach

Dr Mari Golub from the Environmental Toxicology Department at the University of California at Davis, has recently completed a five-year research project looking at the behavioural effects of fluoxetine (Prozac) on brain development. Her findings, which have so far been published in eight academic papers, supplement information on the safety of fluoxetine use in children, and show for the first […]

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Health & Medicine

Controlling magnesium flux: a central role for the PRL-CNNM complex

Magnesium is an essential metal ion for human health. However, its ability to act as a supplementary therapy against disease is a poorly understood area of science. Professor Michel L. Tremblay and his team at McGill University in Montreal, Canada, are looking to change this though, and are currently investigating the role of the newly discovered pathway, PRL-CNNM, in controlling […]

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