Community Content

Understanding ethics in society via artificial intelligence and game theory

The importance of ethical conduct has been long known, and continues to be a pressing concern not only for society in general, but also in business, and in the applications of artificial intelligence (AI).  However, while AI is among the foremost of contemporary fields where ethics is a concern, AI has not itself previously served the purpose of clarifying the […]

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Health & Medicine

Moving closer to ideal care for heart failure patients using eHealth and Artificial Intelligence

Heart failure (HF) is a growing challenge which imposes unsustainable demands on healthcare systems worldwide. Professor Hans-Peter Brunner-La Rocca and Hesam Amin from Maastricht University Medical Center, are leading the international PASSION-HF project, which is developing an Artificial Intelligence (AI) driven eHealth system that enables self-care for patients with chronic HF. AI, personalised coaching, and serious gaming are included, providing […]

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Informatics & Technology

Rethinking the reverse side of Artificial Intelligence

The changes brought by Artificial Intelligence (AI) are shaping our social, economic, and political reality, transforming the human world as we know it. These changes are alleged to be radically different from those experienced in the past. Žilvinas Svigaris, a researcher at the Department of the History of Philosophy and Analytic Philosophy, Vilnius University, Lithuania, challenges this notion as he […]

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Informatics & Technology

Understanding neural networks with neural-symbolic integration

Dr Joe Townsend, Dr Theodoros Kasioumis, and Dr Hiroya Inakoshi, from the Artificial Intelligence Research Division at Fujitsu Research of Europe Ltd, used Neural-Symbolic Integration to better understand the reasoning of Artificial Intelligence (AI). They developed two solutions. The first solution – ERIC: Extracting Relations Inferred from Convolutions – opens the so-called ‘black box’ of AI and attempts to translate […]

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Informatics & Technology

SUSSOL – Using AI for the selection and substitution of greener solvent

Solvents can be toxic, volatile, highly flammable, non-biodegradable and non-renewable. Searching for a suitable green alternative for a nonbenign solvent can be an onerous task. Hannes Sels, Herwig De Smet and Dr Jeroen Geuens from Karel de Grote University of Applied Sciences and Arts, in close collaboration with their industrial partners, have developed a user-friendly software tool based on an […]

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Arts & Humanities

21st century philosophy: An introduction to information ethics

Artificial intelligence and information technology are part of our everyday lives; from the way we carry out our work, to the ways in which we spend our leisure time or communicate with others. It is becoming increasingly important then that we understand not just the way that this technology works and how it is developed, but also how our individual […]

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Informatics & Technology

How did the data propagate? Automated Optical Path Monitoring

With the development of 5G, our world might seem more wireless than ever. However, lurking behind this and facilitating all high-speed data transfer are kilometres and kilometres of optical fibres. The backbone network for all communication, wireless or otherwise, is this sprawling network of fibres. For reliable communications and internet access, the world’s expanse of fibre optic cables must work […]

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Physical Sciences

An introduction to the information dimension

The difficulty of defining the true nature of information has sparked a rich, seemingly unending variety of questions over the past centuries; from the nature of the human soul to whether artificial intelligence can gain consciousness. Now Daniel Boyd, an independent researcher in the Netherlands, believes that these problems could be solved if we view information as a substance residing […]

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Informatics & Technology

Social Robots – a New Perspective in Healthcare

Some social robots are assistants helping with tasks such as lifting, while others take on companion roles and simulate emotions. Dr Oliver Korn, Professor for Human Computer Interaction and Director of the Affective & Cognitive Institute at Offenburg University in Germany, discusses whether social robots should be able to replicate human emotions and explores ethical challenges arising from it. He […]

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Informatics & Technology

Cooperation with autonomous machines through culture and emotion

People tend to be less cooperative with machines than with humans. Dr Celso de Melo, a computer scientist with the US Army Research Laboratory, and Dr Kazunori Terada, an Associate Professor at Gifu University, Japan, demonstrate how incorporating simple cultural and emotional cues, such as virtual faces showing positive or negative emotion, can help mitigate unfavourable bias toward machines and […]

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