Informatics & Technology

Metrology for the Factory of the Future

Metrology for the Factory of the Future (Met4FoF) is a joint research project that brings together researchers from leading national metrology institutes and universities in Europe. This project establishes a metrological framework and combines metrology and modern digital technologies to encompass the lifecycle of measured data in industrial applications. The researchers demonstrate the practical applicability of the framework with its […]

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Health & Medicine

Cointegration of causes of mortality as a possible measure of human ageing

Many of us can expect to live longer than previous generations. We might also surmise that one of the top five causes of mortality will prove our demise. Ultimately, however, most causes of death are linked to ageing, an inevitable process for which we have no direct measurement. Professor Séverine Arnold, of the University of Lausanne, has provided a potential […]

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Arts & Humanities

When Narratives Collide: The Fundamentals of Islamic Fundamentalism

Heritage is a group’s claim to a legacy. There are, however, different ways of reading history in the process. The Western notion of World Heritage finds value in a culturally diverse past, which is already fulfilled by the present. Conversely, Islamic fundamentalism seeks to bring about conformity to its founding age, condemning any deviance from this particular foundation. Baudouin Dupret, […]

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Physical Sciences

Realising free-space communication with quantum cascade lasers

As cheap and accessible tools for transmitting private information, freely propagating light waves are highly desirable for parties operating secure communication networks. However, the encoded information these waves contain can easily be lost due to unpredictable fluctuations in the Earth’s atmosphere. In their research, Frédéric Grillot and Olivier Spitz at Télécom Paris have developed sophisticated new techniques to overcome this […]

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Physical Sciences

Harnessing the photochemistry of bromine for sustainable manufacturing

Chemical production can be fraught with hazards. From explosions to toxic chemicals, making useful molecules often requires careful thought about how to make a process inherently safer. Researchers at RCPE (Austria) have developed an ingenious way to use the automated flow reactors manufactured by Corning SAS (France) to safely harness the photochemistry of bromine – a highly toxic, sludge-brown substance […]

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Earth & Environment

Planetary Protection Policy: For sustainable space exploration and to safeguard our biosphere

The search for the origin of life amongst the planetary bodies in our solar system is a driving factor in space research. However, the simple act of sending a spacecraft to explore in situ solar system objects can potentially compromise their environments and cause harmful contamination when returning to Earth. Avoiding such biological contamination of planetary bodies (forward contamination) is […]

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Earth & Environment

Slip sliding away: Landslides, earthquakes, rainfall and the Andes

Landslides are the most deadly secondary effect of earthquakes in mountainous regions. Dr Noélie Bontemps (Université Grenoble Alpes) has uncovered the secrets of a slow landside in Peru by monitoring post-seismic landslide dynamics in both the dry and wet seasons. GPS and seismic data confirm that in combination, earthquakes and rainfall cause greater landslide motion than either force alone. There […]

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Behavioural Sciences

Understanding farmers’ behaviour to better control avian influenza

Dr Alexis Delabouglise, based at the International Center of Agricultural Research for Development (CIRAD), France, and Dr Maciej Boni, at the Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics of the Pennsylvania State University, USA, want to understand how small-scale poultry farmers make management decisions involving their birds’ health. In case of an outbreak of avian influenza, for example, understanding the farmer’s views […]

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Thought Leaders

The European Science Foundation: Forging funding strategies and scientific connections

In its almost half a century of existence, the European Science Foundation has established itself as a critical member of the European science community, active in influencing and shaping the research landscape. CEO Nicolas Walter shared with Research Outreach what part the foundation plays now and how he hopes science and research will develop in Europe (and the world!) in […]

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Health & Medicine

Free blood donation vs. the plasma market

Blood products are vital both for transfusion purposes and the production of blood-derived medicines. Currently, the two ways of obtaining blood products are via free blood donations or via the international plasma market, an industry reliant on paid blood donations. Professor Jean Mercier Ythier of the University of Paris Panthéon-Assas explores the economics and ethics of the plasma market and […]

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